Tuesday, 9 July 2013

Uncle Sam Diamond

Udjat (or Wedjet) eye

Udjal eye. Gold inlaid with glass and gemstones, suspended from necklace with gold inlaid counterweight. W. 9.5 cm. Tomb of Tutankhamun. Photograph by Egyptian Expedition, Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York.
An Egyptian symbolic motif in the form of a human eye and eyebrow, usually the right eye (representing the sun), sometimes the left (representing the moon). The eye usually symbolizes the eye lost by Horus and then restored and given to his father, Osiris, to restore him to life (the word udjat meaning 'sound' or 'healthy'), but in some pieces it symbolizes the eye of the sun-god Ra. The Udjat eye was the Egyptian AMULEF next mot popular after the SCARAB. One example among the TUTANKHAMUN JEWELRY, an eye of Ra, is exceptionally made entirely of blue EGYPTIAN FAIF.NCE, instead of the more.usual inlaid gold or ELECTRUM.

Uncle Sam Diamond

 A colourless diamond, weighing 40.23 carats rough, that was found in 1924 in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, and is the largest diamond found in North America. It was cut in the same year by Schenck & Van Haelc, New York, into an EMERALD CUT weighing 12.42 carats. It was acquired in 1971 by Sidney De Young, a Boston diamond dealer, and is now owned by B. Beryl Peiken, New York City.

Unicorn horn

The tusk of the Arctic male narwhal whale, being long, pointed, and having a twisted appearance, resembling the horn of the fabled unicorn. Hence it was considered in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to be a 'unicorn horn', and it or objects made from it, had alleged magical powers or great mystical significance. The most renowned example is the Ainklaiirn, the complete tusk (length, 2.43 m) that has been treasured since 1564 as an inalienable heirloom of the Habsburgs and is now in the Schatzkammer in Vienna.

Union pin

A type of pin, worn in the Victorian era, made in two sections, one the pointed pin and the other an ornament with a socket into which the point is secured. unitconstructed jewelry. A modern type of inexpensive jewelry that is made by joining several items of prefabricated parts to develop a pattern, rather than using parts made expressly for the predetermined pattern fiany small identical units are used in the same piece, usually to make a symmetrical design. The units are generally pieces made by refiners, such as rings, lengths of wire or tube, and sheets of metal (called 'grids') with perforations to develop a design. The units are joined by wire or by SOLDERING or RIVETING.

Ur Treasure

A TREASURE of SUMERIAN JEWELRY and other objects found as the site of the ancient Sumerian city of Ur in southern Mesopotamia now Nluquayit, in southern Iraq). It was identified as the Biblical 'Ur of the Chaldees' in 1854 by J. E. Taylor, the British Consul at Basra, and excavations between 1922 and 1924 led by Sir C. Leonard Woolley revealed the Royal Tombs, including that of Queen Pu-abi from c. 2500 PC. The tombs contained many varieties of jewelry, made of gold and set Isith gemstones. on the body of the Queen and her royal retinue buried in ceremonial costume. The jewelry included many objects decorated with naturalistic representations of animals, stylized flowers with up to 13 petals, and geometric motifs, including objects with FILIGREE and GRANULATED GOLD. See Sir C. Leonard Woolley, Ur Excavations.


The representation of the sacred cobra affixed to the front of the headdress of Egyptian rulers just above the forehead; it was a symbol of sovereignty. It is found on some SPHINX BEADS from Egypt, XIIth  Dynasty (c. 2035 nc-1991 Bc) to XVth Dynasty, but some composed of four gold wire loops curving across the top of the head were characteristic of the reign of Sesostris I, c. 1800 BC 1788 BC. The uraeus occurs on several pieces among the -ru IANKIIAMUN JEWELRY.

Ural(ian) emerald.

A local misnomer for the emerald-green DEMAN FOID (ANDRADITE variety of GARNET). Other misnomers for the same stone are 'Ural(ian) olivine' and 'Ural(ian) chrysolite'.

Urartian belt

Urartian belt. Bronze belt with repousse decoration 7th century BC. W. 10.2 cm; L. 97 cm. Museum of Fine Arts (Egyptian Curators Fund), Boston, Mass. A type of wide belt from Urartu (the Assyrian name for a region in Turkey and Armenia), the Biblical Ararat, a kingdom which flourished in the 9th century BC and until it was destroyed in the 6th century BC. Many such belts are known. They were made from a bronze INGOT, rolled and cut, and decorated in REPOUSSE style by tooling from the front and reverse with animal motifs and some human figures. The belts were backed with a leather strip and have a fastening clasp. They were worn encircling a woollen robe or shirt or sometimes as part of armour. They are of various sizes and in width range from 5 cm to 16cm.


A variety of gemstone that is the same as VARISCITE and is found in Utah (USA). It resembles TURQUOISE. It was initially named 'utahite' but as that is the name of another mineral, it has been recommended that it be discarded for this stone.

Writer – Thames and Hudson  

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