Tuesday, 19 February 2013

Dictionary of Jewelry Words started from “E”

E Style silver Charms

E Jewel


A gold LETTER JEWEL. That is a LOCKET made in the form of the letter E in Lombardic script. It is in two sections, hinged together at the top. The front section has on its front an applied male figure ROUND and on its reverse there is a small receptacle (perhaps for the other section, when the front is raised, reveals on its inside an inscription in Middle High German script. The piece is fan Saxony, 14th century, and was sold from the Von Hirsch C,o1 Sotheby's, London, on 22 June 1978. It resembles the FOUNDED

Eagle pendant


A type of PF.NDANT of PRE-COLUMBIAN JEWUP) flat hammered and cast gold by the Indians of various cultures of and South America. The motif is a stylized bird facing front outspread wings and broad tail feathers, realistically depicted claws, and sometimes having a hollow body with occasional an enclosed bell and also inset eyes that move and rattle. The bird, referred to as an eagle, is of various forms sometimes somewhat a horned owl, toucan, pelican or vulture. Examples are often found in COSTA RICAN JEWELRY.

Eagle stone


Eagle Pendant
A type of stone, about the size of a walnut, that was in the Middle Ages to be carried by an eagle to her nest to facilitate egg laying and said to have magical powers. It was worn as an Amulet.

Ear-clip


A type of ear ornament (often included in the general ring) that is worn by being secured to the lobe of the eat be a support. They were generally not known before the Renaissance, example was mentioned by Cellini. They are a prevalent type today called a 'snap ear-ring'.

Ear-drop


A small PENDANT worn on the ear attached, as an ear a looped wire passed through a hole pierced in the lobe of the ear EAR-CLIP or EAR-SCREW fastened or screwed to the lobe. Such pendant are usually in the form of an ornament IN THE ROUND, made in as forms, e.g. as a bird, charioteer, etc., examples of which are from sources, from Greek jewelry of the 4th century BC to Hungarian in. the 19th century.

Ear-flare


E style Vermail Beads
A type of ear ornament of MAYAN JEWEI.RY and olmec jewelry composed of three sections: (1) a flared ornament, with a aperture, that was worn on the front of the ear-lobe: (2) a tubular that was worn through a hole in the lobe and that connected, by  telescoping, the front and rear ornaments; and (3) a miniature flared ornament or a JADE bead that fitted at the back of the tube to secures the ear. Sometimes there was in the opening of the front flare alto plate of jade or shell, as an added ornament, and at the back of the? fitted in the rear section, a long tassel.

Ear-loop


A type of ear ornament that is in the form of a PENA, loop that encircles most of the ear, rather than being wired through or attached to the ear-lobe. Examples made of gold, c. 100 BC Alf sometimes have, as the ornament that hangs below the earlobe IN THE ROUND similar to some examples of an EAR-DROP.

Ear ornament


An ornament of various forms, styles, and sizes we the ear, including the EAR-CLIP. EAR-DROP. EAR-FLARE, EAR LOOP, PLUG, EAR-RING, EAR-SCREW, EAR-SPOOL, and EAR-STUD. Examples nu PRE-COLUMBIAN JEWELRY were often of circular shape with (pm decoration in the lower half or in semi-circular shape corn; decorated with openwork decoration (sometimes the decoration being very similar to that in a similarly-shaped NOSE ORNAMENT). A type made in NDIANIEWELRY covered the entire ear and was so heavy that it had to be supported by in addition to a band encircling the ear, an attached ornate hair pin; another type was composed of a disc over the lobe and a hen% ornate group of pendants and tassels.

Ear-pick


Silver Small E Letter Charms
An instrument with a small scoop for removing wax from the can Examples made of gold or silver were popular in Europe in the Renaissance period; some were enamelled or decorated with gems, and we worn suspended from a NECK CHAIN. Some are made with a TOOTHPICK on the end opposite the scoop, and some have an ear-pick and 1 a toothpick joined by a swivel. Examples of ear-picks are recorded in the inventories of James II Scotland (1488), of Henry VIII (1530). and of Elizabeth II (1573-7). Some were enclosed in WHISTLES designed by ALIMOIT raw and in a whistle said to have been owned by Anne Boleyn.

Ear-plug


An ear ornament, sometimes in papyrus-column form (having l flattened head, resembling an Egyptian papyrus stalk), to be inserted alto the lobe of the ear, especially to distend it. The plugs were pierced - initially Examples made of GI.ASS in Egypt during the XVIIIth and XIXth Dynasties (c 1552 BC- 1185 BC) are of various colours, some with vague enclosed threads making a pattern of contrasting colours. Somewhat different are ear-plugs made of glass in China, being either cjiindrical with one large extended head at the front end or spool-like I. vith flared terminals.

Earring


Extenders JewelryAn ear ornament, worn suspended from a bent wire or thin Imp passed through a hole pierced in the lobe of the ear or, in later scan, clipped or screwed to the lobe (called an EAR-CLIP or EAR-SCREW). Earrings, worn from earliest times, have been made of gold, silver, platinum, silver gilt, etc., and in a great variety of shapes, styles. and sizes, and with various ornamentation and pendants made of a variety of materials. e.g. GOLD. CORAL. JADE. JET. GLASS etc. Hellenistic examples were often decorated with the head of an animal, siren, etc. Later Greek, Roman and Etruscan examples were often made as a hook with a pen-dam that was shaped like a crescent, boat, or figure, or with a rosette or dim masking the hook, or in the form of a PENANNULAR ring having one end decorated with a human or animal head. 

Some Anglo-Saxon examples are set with a GARNET or red glass. During the Renaissance, the style of shorter hair led to a revival of the wearing of ear-rings, not only by omen but also, in Spain and England. by men (sometimes wearing only one): the decoration was more elaborate and often included pendent.['hereafter ear-rings have continued to be worn, often set with gemstones, the styles reflecting the prevalent styles of the times. The French term is boucle d'oreille. 

Ear-spool


A type of ear ornament (often included in the general terms Ed MP; or EAR-CLIP) that is worn by being secured to the lobe of the ear box pressure. The pressure is applied by a flat-headed screw that is attached to the ornament by a loop of wire passing below the lobe.

Ear-spool


Vermail E charmsA type of ear ornament of PRE.COLUMBLAN JEWELRY worn in a large hole made in a greatly distended ear-lobe. It was made of gold or TINIMA as a cylindrical tube that was inserted in the lobe and that had affixed in front a circular frame, often ornamented with cut-out designs and REPOUSSE work. A rear section was attached telescopically to the tubular section to secure to the lobe. It was worn in the same manner as an EAR.FLARE. Some examples were further decorated with ornaments, sometimes in the form of a fringe of snake-like dangles I he wearing of ear-spools by the Incas of Peru was restricted to the adult male nobility, a custom dating back to the Chavin culture.  

Ear-stud


A type of ear ornament composed of a front and a rear part pined by shanks of tubular form (one larger than the other) that fit through the ear-lobe and connect in a telescopic manner. When worn, only the front part is seen, and it is sometimes boss-shaped and deco while the rear part is flat and undecorated. Examples are record EGYPTIAN JEWELRY near the end of Sometimes an elaborate ornament was suspended from shank, as on a pair in the ANKIIAMUN JEWELRY. Example in ETRUSCAN JEWEI.RY are in the form of a disc with a rear projection for section in the ear-lobe. It has been suggested, on account of the very shanks, that some examples may not have been ear ornaments possibly a type of dress fastener.

Earth Star Diamond


A diamond of PENDELOQUE shape and cut. for its very unusual coffee-brown colour. It weighs 111.59 carats (cut a 248.9-carat stone) and is said to be the largest known diamond of colour. It was reported in October 1979 to be owned by Baumgold Inc.. New York City.

Ecclesiastical ring


Enamel Bead JewelryA type of finger ring worn and used by ecclesia dignitaries (hence not including a so called PAPAL RING). Such rings dude an ABBOTS RING: BISHOP'S RING: CARDINAL'S RING: FISHERMANPONTIFICAL RING; PRIESTS RING.

Echelle (French) 


Literally a ladder or gradation A set of SUITE but jewelled DRESS ORNAMENTS shaped and decorated EN u  graduated sizes, made with a metal loop on the back so as to be sewnz woman's garment in a vertical row of diminishing size and changeable various garments. Examples were popular in England in the Geo period, sometimes in the form of BOWKNOTS set with diamond sometimes many matching dress ornaments of ungraduated sizes were worn to supplement the echelle. .
 

Ecrin de Charlemagne Finial


A JEWEL from the Ecrin de Charlemagne (Casket of Charlemagne), which belonged to the Abbey of St Denis, w, the Kings of France were crowned, but which was destroyed during French Revolution, only the finial surviving. It is in the form of a center oval INTAGLIO of AQUAMARINE, engraved with a profile portrait of Julia daughter of the Roman Emperor Titus (AD 40-81), and with the name, Greek letters, of the cutter Evodus. The intaglio is surrounded In radiating channelled COLLETS in gold, each set with a SAPPHIRE

Ecuadorian jewelry


Articles of PRE-COLUMBIAN JEWELRY, C. 250 BC 1500, made in Ecuador by the native Indians, especially, so far as known today, along the northern coast, in the Esmeraldas region, near La Tolita that extends also into Colombia; but some gold finds have been made in the southern highlands. The pieces were made mainly of gold or TUMBAGA from hammered flat sheet metal cut out and decorated in RF.POUSSE work or cast by the CIRE PERDUE process. Articles included some exceptionally tiny gold nose rings and LABRETS; circular copper ornaments sometimes called 'gongs', but possibly breast ornament; embossed with a human or puma face; minute coiled springs worn as ear ornaments; and studs of gold, emerald or turquoise worn in holes pierces in the cheek or lip. Some articles were covered with gold plating and some were made of an ALLOY of platinum and gold produced by RING.

Edward VI Prayer-Book


Silver E style BeadsA miniature prayer-book, the cover of wind is of gold inlaid with black CHAMPLEVE enamel in ARABESQUE designs ant having a rosette of enamel at each corner. The centre of one covers a decorated with a boss of translucent green and red enamel, of the other cover with a SHELL CAMEO. The book contains, in manuscript written ea vellum, the last prayer of Edward VI, made 6 July 1553. The book isms' to have been worn by Elizabeth 1 as a GIRDLE BOOK and to have been lain owned by Lord Fitzharding.


Edwards Ruby


A RUBY weighing 167 carats. It was donated by jai Ruskin in 1887 to the British Museum (Natural History) and named in honour of Major-General Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwards (1819 68)who saved British rule in India during the years of the Indian Mutiny (Seism Rebellion), 1857-8.

Writer – Thames & Hudson
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