Thursday, 17 January 2013

Introduction to More Gems

Alexandrite Gem
Apart from the earlier mentioned eighty-four gems and precious stones, there are a few more gems being used the world over.

Alexandrite:


This stone was discovered in Ural Mountain in Russia in 1830 and named after Caesar Alexander II who was the ruler there at that time. This unique stone changes colour; it shines like cinders in candle light and looks green during day time. An auspicious stone, it is used in talisman and amulets.

Apatite:


This soft stone is transparent and is used often in place of Blue Sapphire.

Anglesite:

Green Sapphires Gem

The soft, yellowish semi-jewel belongs to Yellow Sapphire group and is considered auspicious.

Albite:


Belonging to Moonstone group, it looks like a Diamond.

Adamantive:


Belonging to the Diamond group, it is found in blue, yellow and green tinges.

Aventurine quartz:


Red, grey and light yellow coloured, it is used in place of Rubis. It has also medicinal value.

Adularia:


This transparent stone sometimes is used for Diamonds; was discovered in Switzerland's Adulaar locality.

Amazonite:


Anglesite GemFound first from the Amazon River of America, these stones are of light green or light blue colour.

Azurite:


These gems belong to the Opal group and act in lieu of the joint influences of Emerald and Blue Sapphire; green stripes run in the middle of these gems which are violet in colour.

Aragonite:


These are available in yellow, grey and blue colours with broad stripes across the body. It belongs to the category of Akeek stones. Almandine: Belonging to the Garnet category, it exudes flashes of red and yellow used in place of Rubies. It can also be used as a medicine.

Brazillianitc:


A product of mines in Brazil, this gem is transparent and yellow in colour.

Berillonite:

Albite Gem

A semi-jewel of Diamonds, it is colourless and transparent.

Bronzite:


Containing iron, it is generally found in red or honey or gray/black colours.

Baryet:


It is grey, yellow and in many colours. Blue

Topaz:


Blue in colour, it is also worn in place of Blue Sapphire. Blue Zircon: It is used in place of Blue Sapphire.

Benitoite:


It is a copy of Blue Sapphire.

Chrysocolla:


An Opal group stone, it is green in colour.

Citrine:


Topaz GemThis stone is used in place of Yellow Sapphire.

Celestine:


Generally colourless, it is sometimes found with milky white, yellow, orange and blue tinges. This stone is hard. It is also used in place of Diamonds.

Casseterite:


A transparent colourless stone, it is hard and used in place of Diamonds. Cal site: A product of the mines of marble and lime, it is colourless and a semi-precious stone.

Carnelian:


It is translucent and is available in Brazil and European countries in red and orange colours. It can be used for Coral.

Chrysophrase:

Chrysophrase Gem

This stone is translucent and apple green in colour; is mainly used in Greece.

Dematoid:


Mainly found in Ural mountains, it has light green tinge. It has a golden glaze around it.

Danburite:


It is generally or sometimes found with yellowish tinge. Many use it in place of Yellow Sapphire.

Diopside:


This stone contains iron and magnesium. It looks bottle green in colour.

Dumortierite:


Found in the US or France, it is one of the rock-crystal group of stones. It is a semi-gem of Turquoise.

Dolomite:


Generally colourless stone, though a yellowish shadow comes out of it. It is found in the mines of Italy.

Dumortiorite:


 A semi gem of Turquoise.

Epidote:


A transparent, deep yellow, grey and green stone, mostly found in France, Austria and Russia.

Fire Agate:


It looks like living cinders. It can be worn in place of Corals.

Green Zircon:


Belonging to the Zircon group of stones, it is used in place of Emeralds.

Green Garnet:


A semi-precious stone, it is mostly used in garlands.

Green Sapphire:


A dark green, hard stone of the Sapphire group.

Goshenite:


A colourless jewel; it has glaze.

Green Topaz:


This soft stone can be cut to any shape.

Helidor:

Heliodor Gem

Worn in place of Yellow Sapphire, it is also soft and cut to sizes and shapes.

Hessonite:


It is used in place of Zircon.

Hawk's Eye Quartz:


Belonging to the Cat's Eye group, it is used often by men who deal in occult science to attract people.

Ivory:


The engraved artefacts made of animal tusks of teeth or bones are called Ivory. According to legends, some animals are capable of wielding miraculous powers. Hence these gems are used for researches according to the tenets of the tantra.

Iolite:


These jewels are deep sky blue or violet in colour. They are also called water sapphire. It is a semi-jewel for Saturn.

Jasper:


It has deep, multi-coloured stripes and spots on the body.

Jadeite:


Diopside gemThis hard, costly stone is for making weapons and instruments. In the US, it is used for treatment of kidneys.

Kunjite:


It can be used for Diamond. It is available in pink, yellow, light green and grey colours.

Kornerupine:


It is mostly found in green or pink colours.

Labrodorite:


This stone is available from the mines of Finland, Norway and Russia.

Liddicoalite:


It may be used in place of Navaratna.

Melnite:


It can be worn in place of Diamond.

Morganite:


It is pink or violet in colour and has a very charming shine and can be worn in place of Rubies.

Phenakite:


A hard, colourless, transparent stone, found mostly in Greece and creates the illusion of being the rock-crystal stone.

Pink Sapphire:


Mostly found in the mines of Sri Lanka, Myanmar and the African countries. The jewel is of high quality.

Prehnite:


Kornerupine gem
It is a semi-jewel of Yellow Sapphire group, often found in oily yellow and green colours.

Phosphophylite:


It is a precious stone with brilliant shine; formed in Germany and the United States. Can be used for Diamond and Emeralds.

Pink Topaz:


This Topaz family member can be used in place of Yellow Sapphire and Emerald.

Rhododine:


A smooth stone in pink colour and often used as Coral.

Rose Quartz:


It is often used in place of Rubies.

Serpentine:


It gives the illusion of being Jade or Onyx, which are all green and transparent. It can be used in place of Emeralds. It is basically magnesium silicate.

Sinhalite:


A semi-jewel of Yellow Sapphire; also available in yellow, grey and light green colour.

Stautolite:


It is found in grey and black colours. Can be used in place of Zircon and Blue Sapphire. It is highly effective.

Scheelite:


It is a glittering jewel, often looks like a yellow Topaz and many times like a transparent colourless gem.

Spodumene:


 Sinhalite gemGenerally found in pink, grey and yellow colours. Its transparent ray is charming. It can be used in place of Ruby.

Sard:


With red colour, it can be worn in place of Emerald.

Sard-Onyx:


It is available in red, grey colour and is very soft on which sculpting is possible. Many artistic drawing and designs have been engraved on this stone.

Scapolite:


A colourless stone generally. It is also called Wernerite. It is found in pinkish grey and blue colours and can be used in place of Blue Sapphires.

Sillimanite:


It is found in the US and can be worn in place of Blue Sapphires.

Spehalerite:


It is a transparent jewel which emits shines like Diamonds. Generally yellow, it is sometimes used for Yellow Sapphire.

Spinel:


Spinel Gem
This stone is found in many colours, red, pink, yellow, blue, dark grey and black. It is not found in India.

Sodalite:


It is a jewel with high degree of sodium in it. It is found in deep blue and violet colours and can be used in place of Blue Sapphires.

Shell:


This was used as currency for buying and selling goods in ancient times.

Tugtupite:


Belonging to the Tourmaline group of jewels, it is found in two colours so far light white and pink.

Taaffeite:


A rare jewel, it is as costly as Diamond.

Titanite:


Titanite GemIt can be worn in place of Yellow Sapphire.

Uvarovite:


Belonging to Garnet group, it looks black outwardly but when chiselled, green coloured jewels come out of its blocks. It can be used in place of Emeralds. Yellow

Turmoline:


A very soft jewel which gets scratches very easily. It is the silicate and borate of alumina and iron. It has many colours.

Zoisite:


Found in the mines of Tanzania and other parts of east Africa, it is generally found in blue and violet colours; often produces the illusion of Sapphire group of gems, which it does not belong to.

Writer -Rakesh shastri
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